Barbara Bush can be argued as the perfect supporting figure at a time when the country transitioned into modern politics and sensibilities.
In comparison to a time when numerous foreign wars enveloped the country, Bush in the 1980s and early part of the 1990s proved to be formidable in terms of what power the women behind the leaders can wield. Bush championed literacy causes in response to the falling literacy rates in America.
She also did something that might have been unheard of for a presidential couple — she held a position contrary to her husband's. She displayed a refreshing, rapier wit.
And, most of all, she was one of the few 20th century first ladies to use her role for more than the standard of glamour.
It's a life well lived and one, if you read her ancestry, was destined for the White House.
Bush was born Barbara Pierce in June 8, 1925, in New York City She was raised in suburban Rye, New York as the youngest of three children of parents Marvin and Pauline. Marvin would become the president of the parent company to prominent women's magazines Redbook and McCall's.
Barbara's bloodline was already presidential way before moving into 1600 Pennsylvania. She is the fourth cousin, four times removed, of 14th president of the United States, Franklin Pierce. To go even further, her pursuit for nationwide literacy may have been hinted at by her similar relation to Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, noted for his lauded collection of poetry.
Barbara would joke that she married into wealth. The genesis of this arrangement came in the form of a 17-year-old George Herbert Walker Bush, whom she met during a dance while on Christmas vacation when she was a year younger than the future president.
In the latter years of their marriage, they have been seen as inseparable. In the early years, however, George went off to fight in World War II. Barbara would always be the first thing on his mind. This was chiefly exhibited in the names of George's airplanes as a Navy pilot: Barbara, Barbara II, and Barbara III.
During a brief leave from the Navy, George and Barbara were married, on Jan. 6, 1945, in her hometown of Rye — four years after the two met as teens.
In all, the Bushes became the parents of six children, some of which would leave marks in the worlds of politics and business. Amid the joy of family, however, Barbara would endure personal tragedy. In 1949, her parents were involved in a car accident when her father lost control of their vehicle. Her father survived, but her mother, Pauline, died.
The Bushes named their second-born child and first born daughter Pauline in tribute to her mother. She was nicknamed Robin.
In a tragic twist, Robin was diagnosed with leukemia as a toddler. She passed away in 1953, at the age of 3 years old.
The Bush-Pierce progeny included the following:
- George Walker Bush, born 1946
- Pauline Robinson "Robin" Bush, 1949-1953
- John Ellis "Jeb" Bush, born 1953
- Neil Mallon Bush, born 1955
- Marvin Pierce Bush, born 1956
- Dorothy "Doro" Bush (Koch), born 1959
Barbara and George would eventually become the grandparents to 14 grandchildren and the great-grandparents to seven great-grandchildren.
After George's discharge from the military and graduation from Yale, the large family would bounce from town to town as the elder Bush attempted to carve his niche in wildcatting. This is where the Texas chapter of the Bush dynasty began.
The Northeast Bushes became the Midland-Odessa Bushes — an era that would include the elder George co-founding a successful oil company — Zapata Corporation.
It is argued that the Bushes didn't become the couple we have known to this day until their move to Houston in 1959. It was during this time that George built up his political aspirations, first, as a chairman of the Harris County Republican Party in 1963. The following year, George eyed the U.S. Senate, and, despite failing in his bid, the Bushes became known as a hot commodity in politics.
By 1966, George H.W. Bush was elected to the U.S. House as a representative from Texas.
After another failed bid for Senate in 1970, George was appointed as the U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations. Three years after that, he became chairman of the Republican National Committee, despite Barbara urging against it in the wake of Watergate.
Through it all, Barbara became George's constant, joining him on the campaign trail and taking up causes as part of various Republican women's groups in the nation's capital.
Barbara's husband began his presidential aspirations as the 1980s began. George sought the Republican nomination for president but lost out to Ronald Reagan.
Reagan didn't have to look too far for a vice president candidate, choosing his own opponent as a running mate. Reagan's decisive victory allowed the Bushes to enter the White House near the top of the executive branch. Barbara became Second Lady.
Behind her husband and First Lady Nancy Reagan, Barbara began to build her own brand — one that wasn't about gloss or outspokenness. It was one in which she wanted to motivate American to read.
Barbara's pursuit for more literate America began when she saw that her son Neil was diagnosed with dyslexia. This personal experience was coupled with what she learned about literacy overall in the country. She believed homelessness was connected to illiteracy. She saw that 35 million adults at that time could not read past an eighth-grade level.
As she and her husband ascended to the top of the White House, Barbara used the weight of her family name to develop the Barbara Bush Foundation for Family Literacy. The nonprofit, to this day, continues efforts to help the country become a more literate nation, with a deep urging of parents and children reading together.
What certainly got attention in the Bush White House of 1989-1992 was Barbara's positions on hot topic issues such as abortion and homosexuality. While Barbara gave hints as to where she leaned, she believed in not affirming a position publicly.
What was astonishing for the Bushes was Barbara expressing herself as pro-choice despite her husband's stance to the opposite.
"I hate abortions," she said. "But I just could not make that choice for someone else."
Nevertheless, she was never going to insert her position as strongly as preceding or succeeding First Ladies have done on these issues.
"The personal things should be left out of ... platforms and conventions," she said, opting rather for the politics to speak for itself.
After George H.W. Bush's departure from the presidency, the couple resided in Houston, becoming supporters of her children's pursuits.
Son George W. Bush had aspirations for the governor's mansion in Austin. While she urged her son at one point to not campaign, George W. went on to win his gubernatorial election in 1995. She would go on to campaign on behalf of her son for the 2000 presidential election. George and his wife, Laura, are Dallas residents.
Son Jeb Bush matched his brother's aspirations for the head of another U.S. state. when he was elected governor of Florida in 1999. Jeb was unable to repeat a presidential victory when he launched his own bid in 2016, something Barbara was vocally opposed to.
"We've had enough Bushes," she joked.
In recent years, Barbara Bush experienced various health issues. By the time of her friend Nancy Reagan's death in 2016, she became the oldest living first lady.
Barbara Bush was 92.
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